European Spindle-tree

Euonymus europaeus
  • European Spindle Flowers
    European Spindle Flowers
  • European Spindle Leaves
    European Spindle Leaves
  • European Spindle Infestation
    European Spindle Infestation
  • Winged Burning Bush
    Winged Burning Bush

Identification

Appearance

Euonymus europaeus is a large shrub or small tree that reaches 30 feet in height.

Foliage

Opposite, simple, elliptical, 2 1/2 to 4 inches long, finely serrated, long pointed, green above, paler and may be pubescent below.

Flowers

Perfect, inconspicuous (1/3 inch across), 4 greenish-white petals with purple anthers, appearing in late spring in multiple branched clusters.

Fruit

4-lobed capsule, 1/2 inch across, pink to purple in color, splits open to reveal dark red seeds, ripens in fall.

Biology

This is considered a watch list species.

Origin

Native to Europe

Habitat

Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, shrublands or thickets

Citations

Photo Credit

5399622, 5399621, 5399789, Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org

5544270, Richard Gardner, UMES, Bugwood.org

Information Credit 

Go Botany

Virginia Tech